AUTHOR(S): Northover H, Ryu SK & Brewer T
ABSTRACT: This report examines findings from research in East Asian states on the political economy of sanitation and hygiene services which delivered total coverage within a generation. The generalised conclusions are intended to feed into dialogue in the sanitation and hygiene sectors on how the necessary step change for delivering universal access to services can be achieved by 2030. In terms of public finance, these East Asian states were at a similar level in the 1960s as many Sub-Saharan African countries are today in terms of per capita income levels. This is significant because it suggests that the overall strategy and vision for total sanitation and hygiene coverage came first, then sector investments were sought. Finance sources were mainly official i.e. government revenues, although also from bilateral and multilateral grants and loans as well as user fees and housing rents.