AUTHOR(S): Ekane N, Weitz N, Nykvist B, Nordqvist P & Noel S
ABSTRACT: Following the MDGs, countries in sub-Saharan Africa including Rwanda, Uganda and Tanzania have set national targets to accelerate progress in sanitation services coverage. During the last decade, some countries in sub-Saharan Africa have also drafted separate policies for sanitation, which disentangles it from water supply and creates a separate institutional framework and funding mechanism for sanitation. Policies are considered critical for creating an enabling environment for improving access to sanitation and hygiene services. There are, however, certain requirements that policies must meet for them to be coherent and supportive. This paper finds that the policies in Rwanda, Uganda and Tanzania meet many of the recommended criteria, but are still lacking key aspects to adequately cater for sustainability of services and functionality of facilities. The roles and responsibilities for promotion and provision of sanitation and hygiene services in Rwanda, Uganda and Tanzania are generally widely spread among different government agencies, NGOs and private operators with different strategies of intervention.